The freedom of Speech means that all human beings have the right to express themselves without being harassed because of what they think.
It means having the right of accessing information and transmitting it without barriers.
The term “freedom of speech” should never be subject to prior censorship; instead, it can be regulated on the basis of subsequent liability.
This means that, with this freedom you can not prevent a person from expressing himself, but he or she can be penalized for his or here messages. For example: a journalist plans to report on the corruption of an official, the upper management tries to stop the broadcast of the show but fail to recognize that they are first and foremost protected by his right to say what he thinks.
However, if that information proves false, then the journalist must finally face charges for libel and slander.
The right to freedom of expression or freedom of speech, therefore, is not absolute. Legislation often prohibits a person from inciting violence or crime, advocating for discrimination and hatred, or encouraging war.
In a country with freedom of expression, it is not possible to promote racial rejection or encourage murder.
Freedom of expression is linked to freedom of the press, which is the guarantee of transmitting information through mass media without the state being able to exercise control before the broadcast.
Dictatorship and freedom of expression
When in a country the government is dismissed or overtaken by external forces, generally the armed forces or paramilitary groups that want to seize power; a de facto government is established, known as a dictatorship.
This type of entity to power severely attacks against freedom of expression.
While thinking of authoritarian governments, the first thing that emerges is Latin American dictatorships, this is an evil that is lurking and has threatened the harmony of many countries, such as Spain, Romania, the Netherlands and China.
In “Hunger and Silk” by Herta Müller, an analysis is made of how devastating dictatorships can be and certain issues that are laughable but are part of reality.
Freedom of expression and free speech are part of human rights of individuals and thus are protected by the Universal Declaration of 1948 and the laws of all democratic states.