Things to know before you Fly a Drone

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Drone fllying IMAGE: VALERY SHARIFULIN, CORBIS

Do I have to get my pilot license to fly a drone? Can I fly anywhere? If I fly over my town with the drone, is their something wrong with that?

These and many other questions arise for those who have bought a drone and want to start flying with it. To know the flight requirements of the drones in Spain for instance, it is necessary to look back 20 months ago, when Law on 18/2014 was published in the BOE (Section I page 83.976). Article 50 covers civilian aircraft piloted by remote control.

How long can a drone fly

Though flight time may very from one drone to another due to size, weight etc. “Generally you can expect 10 to 20 minutes before the batteries need recharging”. “Extra batteries are important, and remember that your flight time is going to be minimal,” says Chris Wick. “Five hundred meters to a kilometer is probably the maximum range you can fly them anyways”, so keep that in mind. said Chris. OK, lets move on to some more regulations.

We are going to make reference to the fundamental norms that every user of a drone weighing less than 25 kg has to fulfill. (Those who exceed this weight already require a certificate of airworthiness.)

Safety requirements of Air Safety Agency (AESA) has explained that although citizens with drones fly for recreational or sports activities, they are still obliged to comply with a series of safety regulations: You can not fly drones over cities And crowds of people in the open air, such as city parks, crowded beaches, football fields, etc. Demonstrations, parties or concerts can not be recorded with drones at this time, except that they take place in fully enclosed spaces and with the authorization of the owner.

You can not use night drones: you must always prioritize safety and fly in the best visual conditions possible.

The night makes this situation impossible. Must keep a minimum distance of 8 km from an airport. A minimum distance of 8 kilometers must be respected for airports, aerodromes, heliports or where flights with other low-level aircraft such as paragliding, ultra light or parachuting areas are carried out, provided that the approach is in VFR (Visual Flight Rules), that is, in visual flight procedures.

Keep Extra Parts On Hand

“The biggest thing we’ve found is the you’re going to crash them a lot,” says Chris Wick an enthusiast himself who writes for this website Conspiracy Talk and who recommends “getting extra propellers as well as prop guards  which will keep the propellers from hitting the ground”.

The minimum distance will vary up to 15 km when approaches are performed with instrumental flight procedures, also known as IFR (Instrumental Flight Rules). For example, the Madrid-Barajas airport requires a minimum distance of 15 km. Limit of 120 meters in height. The reason for this height limit is because there has to be a safety barrier so that we do not encounter other aircraft that will fly to a minimum of 150 meters in height.

Maximum have see a distance of 500 meters with full visual.

Citizens who do not have a drone pilot license can not exceed in any case the 500 meters distance (without exceeding 120 meters in height). “Bearing in mind for security reasons,” as AESA points out, “the drone will never be flown if the visual conditions are not optimal.

Under no circumstances can the drone be lost sight of. AESA confirms that for playful use it is not necessary to identify the drone. However, for professional pilots, if they are going to use the unmanned aircraft for commercial purposes, it is mandatory to place an identification plate on the drone showing the operator’s name, address and contact information.

Another way to be sure of where to fly is in a model airfield club where for a fee you can fly without worrying about being in a controlled or uncontrolled airspace.

Below is the “Knowledge Test Guidance” for Small Drone Operators, video submitted by youtube

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